23rd Georgia Infantry

23rd Georgia's Organizational Time Line and the Battles They Fought in

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Joseph H. Crute / Units of the Confederate States Army (Midlothian, VA : Derwent Books, 1987) states that the 23rd followed a rather unusual route being transferred back and forth from VA to FL to SC to TN during the war. The regiment finally surrendered with the Army of Tennessee at Goldsboro, NC, although it had been involved in the Petersburg siege in VA. Almost half of the regiment was captured at Chancellorsville, but overall, the battle casualties seem relatively light. The regiment was under the direct command of Generals Rains and Colquitt.

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The Time Line of the Organizations and List of Battles the 23rd belonged to and Fought in, came to me from the National Park Service at the Antietam National Battlefield Park Site
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Like almost all Civil War Units the Twenty Third Georgia Infantry was often known by an alternate designation derived from the name of it’s commanding officer. Names of this type used by or for this regiment are shown below.
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Thomas Hutcherson’s Infantry
Emory F Best’s Infantry
William P Barclay’s Infantry
Marcellus R Ballenger’s Infantry
William J Boston’s Infantry
James H Huggin’s Infantry
John J A Sharp’s Infantry
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... Soon after being mustered into Confederate service the 23rd Georgia Infantry was ordered to Camp McDonald, in Cobb County Georgia. The unit was sent to Richmond, Va. on or about November 10th 1861. Almost immediately after arriving there, it was ordered to Yorktown, Virginia. There it joined the Department of the Peninsula. In the spring of 1862 this command was absorbed by the Army of Northern Virginia. The unit served in that army until the summer of 1863. It joined the Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. The unit served in that command until the spring of 1864. It next saw service in the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, serving in that command until the fall of 1864. It then returned to the Army of Northern Virginia. Late in 1864 the unit again returned to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia. The Regiment ended its career attached to the Army of Tennessee. Listed below are the specific higher command assignments of the Regiment.
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Jan 31, 1862 Attached, First Division, Department of the Peninsula
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Apr 30, 1862 Rains’ Brigade, Yorktown, Rains’ Division, Left of Position, Army of Northern Virginia
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May 21, 1862 Rains’ Brigade, Fourth Division, Army of Northern Virginia
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July 20, 1862 Second brigade, D.H. Hills Division, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia
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Sept 20, 1862 Colquitt’s Brigade, Hill’s Division, Jackson’s Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
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Dec 10, 1862 Third Brigade, Hill’s Division, Second Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
May 1, 1863 Colquitt’s Brigade, D.H. Hill’s Division, Second Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
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Aug 31, 1863 Infantry Third Sub-Division, First Military District, Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida
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Sep 20, 1863 Infantry, First Sub-Division, First Military District, Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida
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Nov 1, 1863 Colquitt’s Brigade, Western Division, Seventh Military District, Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida
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Dec 31, 1863 Colquitt’s Brigade, Second Sub-District, Seventh Military District, Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida
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Jan 31, 1864 Colquitt’s Brigade, Seventh Military District, Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida
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Feb 20, 1864 Infantry, District of Florida, Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida
May 5, 1864 Colquitt’s Brigade, Colquitt’s Division, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia
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May 21, 1864 Colquitt’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia
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Aug 9, 1864 Colquitt’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division, Beauregard’s Command, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia
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Sep 1, 1864 Colquitt’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia
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Oct 31, 1864 Colquitt’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division, First Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
Nov 30, 1864 Colquitt’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division, Anderson’s Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
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Jan 31, 1865 Colquitt’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia
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Apr 9, 1865 Colquitt’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division, Hardee’s Corps, Army of Tennessee
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The 23rd Georgia Infantry participated in more then 40 different type of engagements during its career
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Siege of Yorktown, Va. April 5-May 4, 1862
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Evacuation of Yorktown, Va. May 4, 1862
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Battle of Williamsburg, Va. May 5, 1862
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Battle of Seven Pines, Va. May 31-June 1, 1862
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Seven Days Battles around Richmond June 25-july 1, 1862
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Battle, Mechanicsville, Beaver Dam Creek (Ellison’s Mills), Va. June 26, 1862
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Battle, Gaines Mill, Cold Harbor, Chickahominy, Va.
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Battle, Glendale (Nelson’s Farm), Fraziers Farm, Charles City cross Roads, New Market Cross Roads, Willis Church, Va. June 30, 1862 June 27th 1862
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Battle, Malvern Hill, Crew’s Farm (Poindexter’s Farm), Va. July 1, 1862
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Maryland Campaign
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Battle of South Mountain Sept 14, 1862
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Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg), Md. Sept 16 & 17, 1862
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Action Shepherdstown Ford, W. Va. Sept 20, 1862
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Operations in Loudon, Fauquier, and Rappahannock Counties, Va. Oct 26, - Nov 10, 1862
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Battle of Fredericksburg, Va. Dec 12-15, 1862
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Chancellorsville Campaign, Va. April 27-May 6, 1863
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Battle of Chancellorsville, Va. May 1 – 5, 1863
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Siege Operations on Morris Island and against Forts Wagner, Gregg and Sumter, and against Charleston, S.C. July 10-Sept 7, 1863
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Affair Charleston, S.C. (detachment) Aug 21, 1863
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Action Fort Wagner and Gregg Aug 26, 1863
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Affair Charleston, S.C. (detachment) Aug 31, 1863
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Siege and Bombardment, Fort Sumter and Charleston, S.C. Aug 31 - Dec 31, 1863
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Operations against the Expedition from Jacksonville to Lake City, Fl. Feb 7 – 22, 1864
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Battle of Olustee or (Ocean Pond), Fl. Feb 20, 1864
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Operations on the South Side of the James River and against Petersburg and Richmond, Va. May 4 – 28, 1864
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Engagement, Swift Creek (Arrowfield Church), Va. May 9, 1864
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Engagement and Battle, Proctor’s Creek and Drewry’s Bluff (Fort Darling), Va. May 12 -16, 1864
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Operations on the Burmuda hundred Front, Va. May 17 – 30, 1864
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Battles about Cold Harbor, Va. June 1 – 12, 1864
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Assault Petersburg, Va. June 15, 1864
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Assault Petersburg, Va. June 16, 1864
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Siege Operations against Petersburg and Richmond, Va. June 16 – Dec 1864
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Assault Petersburg, Va. June 18, 1864
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Demonstrations on the North Side of the James River and Engagements at Deep Bottom (Strawberry Plains), Fussles Mills, Bailey’s Creek, Deep Run, Charles city Cross Roads, New Market Road, White’s Tavern, and four Mile run, Va. Aug 13 – 20, 1864
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Engagement, Chaffin’s Farm, Fort Harrison, Fort Gilmer, New Market Heights, and Laurel Hill, Va. Sept 29 – 30, 1864
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Engagement, Fair Oaks, and Darbytown Road near Richmond, Va. Oct 27 – 28, 1864
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Abandonment, Smithville and Reeves Point, N.C. March 16, 1865
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Battle, Kingston (Wise’s Fork), N.C. March 8 – 9, 1865
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Battle, Averysborough (Taylor’s Hole Creek), N.C. March 16, 1865
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Battle, Bentonville, N.C. March 19 – 21, 1865
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Surrender Bennett’s House, Durham Station, N.C. April 26, 1865
... No records have been found to show exactly how many members of the Twenty-Third Georgia Infantry were still with the unit when it surrendered in late April, 1865. It is known , however, that Hoke’s Division was one of the largest in the Army of Tennessee and it is probable that as many as two hundred officers and enlisted men were still with the unit when it finally laid down its arms.
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